Tim Cook’s Apple Has Been Meta’s Best Friend. Completely By Accident.
As Meta takes stock of its revitalized business, it has Apple to thank. Kinda.
But today, Cook may be Meta’s biggest asset. And certainly not by design.
In a series of moves meant to solidify Apple’s market position, Cook’s handed Meta several gifts. He’s established a category for its riskiest bet, hampered its advertising competitors, and given its messaging apps a path to global leadership. With rivals like this, Meta might not need friends.
This week, let’s look at how Apple’s bolstered Meta’s mixed reality, advertising, and messaging bets.
Vision Pro Establishes Mixed Reality As a Category
Meta’s return on its metaverse spending hasn’t been great. The company’s lost more than $40 billion to date and will lose billions more this year. Amid the losses, Meta’s struggled to sell virtual and augmented reality by itself. Without multiple major voices proclaiming the technology’s the real deal, mainstream developers and users haven’t jumped in at scale. But now, enter Apple.
When Tim Cook introduced Apple’s Vision Pro, he turned mixed reality into a category, not just a theory. Apple’s glossy marketing showed a new vision for the technology — one that prioritized mixed reality over virtual reality — and lifted Meta’s efforts. With Apple’s devices coming in at $3,499+, Meta can offer cheaper headsets with a more developed ecosystem. Spotify, Netflix, and YouTube have so far declined to develop for the Vision Pro, a significant setback. And as Meta’s $499 Quest headsets deliver improved passthrough (blending the digital and physical worlds) the company should be able to offer functionality similar to Apple, if a bit worse, for the newly metaverse-curious.
Ad Tracking Restrictions Disproportionately Damaged Meta’s Competitors
In 2021, Apple began offering users an option to sever apps’ ability to track off-app. The move slammed advertising businesses that relied on connecting ad views with off-app purchases, a key gauge of effectiveness. At first, it seemed like Apple’s restrictions would hurt Meta most, since the company relied on that data to optimize ad placements. And indeed, Meta said Apple’s changes led to a $10 billion revenue hit in 2022.
Then, a funny thing happened. Meta managed to find ways to limit the impact of Apple’s changes, using AI and other tools to improve its ads’ performance, while its competitors couldn’t adjust as fast. Snapchat, for instance, didn’t have as much data to train its models and struggled to prove its ads were working. Last year, Snapchat saw its sales slump while Meta’s revenue jumped.
Meta’s advertising rebound and its competitors’ struggles haven’t entirely been Apple-driven, but the tracking limitations played a role. The result has hampered competitors’ ability to fund new products while the Meta advertising machine continues to fund its big bets in AI research and mixed reality.
Apple Messages’ Interoperability Issues Provide Opening To WhatsApp and Others
In an internal email on April, 8 2013, Apple senior vice president Craig Federighi wrote, “I am concerned the imessage on android would simply serve to remove an obstacle to iPhone families giving their kids Android phones.” Allowing Apple Messages on competing operating systems, in other words, would threaten the iPhone business.
More than ten years later, Apple remains reticent to make Messages interoperable, and this has opened the door for Meta apps like WhatsApp (which we discussed last week). Though Apple recently announced plans to support the Rich Communication Services (RCS) standard — which should make some messaging features like typing indicators interoperable with Android — communicating across operating systems will still be a bit awkward for iPhone users.
Meta is stepping in to fill the gap. WhatsApp is on the rise in the U.S., with iPhone owners making up most of its U.S. users. And the trend will likely continue as long as Apple remains reticent to unleash its Messages app across operating systems.
With a $2.9 trillion market cap, Apple is thriving. And thanks to some of its recent power moves, Meta is too. It’s perhaps not exactly what Tim Cook had in mind, and not exactly a backfire, but an unusual sequence of events for sure.
Your CMO Needs to Listen to This Podcast (sponsor)
Marketers today face constant new challenges. And the conventional wisdom they used to rely on? It's just f**king wrong.
On the Building Better CMOs podcast, we talk to the people who are doing it right: Innovative marketing leaders like Kellyn Smith Kenny (AT&T), David Mogensen (Uber), Laura Jones (Instacart), Aron North (Mint Mobile), and Heather Freeland (Adobe).
Listen to Building Better CMOs to find out what marketers are getting right — and what they're getting wrong.
What Else I’m Reading, Etc.
Davos shifts rightward [Semafor]
Apple is pushing the limits on its app store commissions [Daring Fireball]
The Vision Pro’s battery pack is often out of frame, perhaps intentionally [Wired]
Apple stopped automatically downloading podcasts and it’s causing a mini-crisis [Semafor]
Billionaires learn news is a tough investment [New York Times]
Instagram co-founders shut down their news reader [Techcrunch]
Beautiful, long story of a beluga whale that may have escaped from the Russian military and is now so friendly to humans that people are unsure what to do with him [New York Times]
Quote Of The Week
The Vision Pro virtual keyboard is a complete write-off at least in 1.0. You have to poke each key one finger at a time like you did before you learned how to type. There is no magical in-air typing. You can also look at a character and pinch. You’ll want a Bluetooth keyboard.
Bloomberg reporter Mark Gurman on Apple’s forthcoming Vision Pro’s limitations.
Number of the Week
Number of NVIDIA h100 chips that Meta will have by the end of the year
This week on Big Technology Podcast: Would a World Without Algorithms Be Better? — With Kyle Chayka
Kyle Chayka is a New Yorker staff writer and author of FILTERWORLD: How Algorithms Flattened Culture. Chayka joins Big Technology Podcast to talk about his book — which debuts this week — and dig into whether algorithms really do make our culture flatter. In this spirited conversation, we interrogate the role of algorithms in society, ask how they reflect in the real world, and ponder how products would be redesigned to take back control. Stay tuned for the second half, where we discuss Chayka's story on people falling in love with AI bots.
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