Where Tech Workers Are Moving: New LinkedIn Data vs. the Narrative
The Austin surge that wasn’t. Plus booming Seattle, miraculous Madison, and sluggish San Francisco.
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There’s a narrative that the tech industry’s future lies in Texas and Florida. That tech workers and executives — sick of California’s oppressive policies and sky-high real estate costs — are moving en masse to Miami and Austin this year. That these cities are building dominant talent foundations that will persist for years due to the pandemic. That narrative is wrong.
The story crumbles when placed next to new LinkedIn data showing where tech workers are actually moving in 2020. The key beneficiaries of this year’s tech migration are less buzzy cities like Madison, Wisconsin; Richmond, Virginia; and Sacramento, California. These places don’t get much play in the news, but they’re attracting tech talent at significantly higher rates than they were last year. Austin, conversely, is gaining tech workers more slowly.
The new LinkedIn data, which Big Technology is first publishing here, examines several hundred thousand tech workers in the U.S. It breaks down the ratio at which they’re moving into a city vs. moving out, something LinkedIn calls the inflow/outflow ratio. The data ranges from April to October, comparing 2020 with 2019. It encompasses the core months people left their cities due to the pandemic.
The country’s biggest tech migration increase took place in Madison. The city was gaining 1.02 tech workers for each one that left last year, and it’s now gaining 1.77, a 74% jump. Sacramento and Richmond, meanwhile, were losing tech workers before the pandemic and have turned it around. Sacramento was adding a fraction of a tech worker — 0.87 — for each one that left last year, and now it’s adding 1.02. Richmond was adding 0.95 last year, and it’s adding 1.06 this year. Other Midwest cities, including Minneapolis, Minnesota, and Cleveland, Ohio, have significantly reduced the rate at which tech workers were leaving their cities.
These tech talent shifts could invigorate tech and startup activity in the communities experiencing the gains, leading to lasting economic benefit, LinkedIn chief economist Karin Kimbrough told Big Technology. “I could totally envision that people who have that skill, if they decide to remain in what might call the second cities or nontraditional tech hubs, they eventually could spin off into something where they build their own thing,” she said.
Austin, for its part, is not experiencing a pandemic-induced tech worker surge. Last year, Austin was gaining 2.06 tech workers for every one that left; now it’s down to 1.84, a drop of 10.78%. Though Austin is still gaining tech workers this year, the notion that 2020 was a watershed year for tech workers moving there is a myth.
Miami is another buzzy city among people trying to anoint the next Silicon Valley. “If you’re an entrepreneur, it is probably easier to raise a VC round in Miami right now than CA,” said venture capitalist Keith Rabois last week. But that might be because the supply of VCs outweighs the demand from tech talent. Miami is gaining tech workers faster this year than last but not dramatically, an increase of 3%, according to LinkedIn.
Now on to the ugly stuff. The only two cities in the country losing tech workers that previously were gaining them are New York City and San Francisco. New York’s change in inflow/outflow ratio is -20%. San Francisco’s is -35%. To put that in context, San Francisco was previously gaining 148 workers for every 100 that left; now it’s gaining only 96. These steep drops may only be temporary, however, as these cities will likely bounce back post-pandemic.
“There are some people who have moved and are going to stay in their new place and some who might be willing to come back in a couple of years to San Francisco or New York,” Kimbrough said. “I'm not calling time on these cities. They will definitely come back.”
Seattle, meanwhile, has kept up its surge of incoming tech workers during the pandemic. The city was adding 2.52 tech workers for each one it was losing before the pandemic, and it’s kept the ratio well above 2. I wondered if this meant Seattle was on its way to becoming the new tech capital of the U.S., thinking Amazon and Microsoft’s ascents might have something to do with it. But Kimbrough looked at LinkedIn’s data along with other housing data and poured cold water on the idea. “We believe a lot of these moves are likely short-term,” she said. “We expect to see tech talent returning to legacy tech hubs like the Bay Area when offices reopen.” In other words, beware the narrative.
Oracle Moves Headquarters to Texas, Joining Valley Exodus (Bloomberg)
Tech billionaire Larry Ellison has moved to Hawaii (Vox)
Leaving SF? Bring The Best of SV Values With You, Not Just SV Dollars (Hunter Walk)
Thank you for your feedback: Recapping the reader survey
More than 150 Big Technology readers completed this month’s reader survey, and I learned a ton from you. Thanks so much for your thoughtful responses; I read every one. One of my favorite bits of feedback came in the “What can we do better” box, where, after some constructive criticism, one reader compared Big Technology to HBO’s Last Week Tonight: “Not the front page story and extremely timely (real time), but instead in depth about an important topic some people may not be thinking about.” That’s exactly what I’m aiming for.
A few more highlights:
Big Technology readers generally like links to related reading underneath the main articles. So I will add more of those moving forward.
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Dissent: Maybe tech should ditch the press and go direct?
Earlier this month, I argued for dialogue between the tech industry and the press and warned that the industry’s nascent “go direct” movement — which sidelines journalists in favor of their own publications — isn’t constructive. Well, Big Technology reader and tech communications strategist Will Nevius emailed with a counterpoint. And in the spirit of dialogue, and with his permission, I’m printing his response here.
The tone in tech coverage is accountability driven (a euphemism for mean to tech, ha) and that's probably a good thing! There's a needed conversation about the role of tech in our lives.... but it's difficult to argue tech media coverage is anything but critical of the industry and focused on FANG.
So what does that mean for the rest of us? Unlike other industries (ie, healthcare), there is no trade press. For example, biotech has tons of publications interested in molecular biology, new platforms, etc...reporters with phd in chem etc.
The good news? Companies have a better understanding than ever before of who matters to their biz (investors, potential recruits, customers, etc) and the tools are better than ever to reach them. The universe is knowable — it's hundreds or maybe thousands of people. Sure, being on the front page of the NYT is great but... a bcc email to 200 people is probably a lot less work and maybe significantly more effective.
I think what the tech chattering class is saying is... sometimes tech media isn't worth the hassle. And i think that's often fair.
Thank you, Will. Point taken.
I’ll print thoughtful dissent as it comes in, with your permission. If you have thoughts and pushback like this on future stories or even a question, feel free to reply, and I’ll do my best to include it.
Substack Cross-Promo: Check Out Brian Morrissey’s Rebooting Newsletter
I’ve been enjoying Brian Morrissey’s Substack newsletter, The Rebooting, which provides weekly analysis about sustainable media models. It’s really good and I recommend you check it out. His most recent edition is about building great editorial teams. (Full disclosure: we’re both fans of each other’s newsletters and have agreed to do a cross-promotion.) You can subscribe here: https://therebooting.substack.com
This week on the Big Technology Podcast: Peloton instructor Emma Lovewell on at-home fitness, stadium-sized rides, and that Peloton ad
With the pandemic forcing people to stay home for nearly 10 months now, many have turned to interactive fitness companies, such as Peloton, to stay active and perhaps fill a social void. Peloton has more than three million users, members are averaging 24 workouts per month, and this past September, the company announced its first profitable quarter. This week, it became more valuable than Ford Motor Company.
Emma Lovewell, a full-time fitness instructor for Peloton, joins the Big Technology Podcast to discuss her experience working with the company, its explosive rise, and, yes, that Peloton ad.
You can listen on Apple Podcasts, Spotify, and Overcast and read the transcript on OneZero.
Happy holidays, and see you in 2021!
In a suboptimal year, writing Big Technology has been a joy. The work is hard, but it’s worth it for such an incredible group of readers. I feel blessed. Thank you for reading, responding, and keeping me honest. Here’s to a brighter 2021. I’ll see you again in January, on Thursdays per usual.
I'm not sure quantity is the big story here.
This is fascinating. Any chance you could publish some more of the raw data in table form, e.g. net inflow/outflow, but also raw numbers in growth/decline. e.g. Madison is experiencing a 75% increase, but is it starting from such a small base that it is unlikely to be a real player in the next few years?